بررسی رابطه فرسودگی شغلی و سلامت عمومی معلمان زن مقطع راهنمایی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی رابطه‌ی میان ابعاد سه‌گانه فرسودگی شغلی و ابعاد آن (خستگی هیجانی، شخصیت‌زدایی و عدم ارضای شخصی) با سلامت عمومی و ابعاد آن معلمان زن دوره راهنمایی شهرستان شادگان بود. 120 معلم زن دوره راهنمایی شهرستان شادگان به صورت تصادفی چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و دو پرسشنامه فرسودگی شغلی و سلامت عمومی را تکمیل کردند. یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان داد که میان نمره کل فرسودگی شغلی و ابعاد آن با نمره کل و سلامت عمومی و ابعاد آن همبستگی معنی‌داری وجود دارد. همچنین، بعد خستگی هیجانی بیشتر از ابعاد دیگر فرسودگی شغلی، سلامت عمومی معلمان را تحت تأثیر قرار داد. با توجه به بالا بودن ضریب همبستگی میان خستگی هیجانی و سلامت عمومی، لذا باید معلمان را در مقابل زیان‌های ناشی از فرسودگی شغلی، به ویژه بعد خستگی هیجانی آن محافظت کرد.

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