رضایت زناشویی و راهبردهای مقابله‌ای در زنان بارور و نابارور شهر اهواز

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی روان‌شناسی، استاد گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران.

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران.

3 دکتری مشاوره، دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی و مقایسه متغیرهای رضایت زناشویی و راهبردهای مقابله‌ای در زنان بارور و نابارور شهر اهواز صورت گرفت. طرح پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع علی-مقایسه‌ای بود. 100 زن نابارور از مرکز ناباروری جهاد دانشگاهی و 100 زن بارور از دفاتر مامایی و پزشکان متخصص زنان و زایمان شهر اهواز به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند-داوطلبانه و بر اساس ملاک‌های ورود و خروج انتخاب شدند و به مقیاس رضایت زناشویی (MSS) و سیاهۀ مقابله با شرایط پراسترس-فرم کوتاه (CISS-21) پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون t-test و نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS-22 تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها نشان داد که بین زنان بارور و نابارور در متغیرهای رضایت زناشویی و سبک مقابله‌ای مسأله-مدار تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد، و نه در سبک‌های هیجان مدار و اجتناب‌مدار. بنابراین ناباروری رضایت زناشویی را کاهش می‌دهد و زنان نابارور به دنبال حل مشکل خود هستند.

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