اثربخشی درمان شناختی رفتاری گروهی متمرکز بر آسیب در کاهش نشانگان ضربه عشق در دانش‌جویان

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی دانشگاه خلیج فارس، ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش تعیین میزان اثربخشی درمان شناختی رفتاری گروهی متمرکز آسیب بر کاهش نشانگان ضربه عشق در دانش‌جویان بود. روش پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود که طی دو مرحله نمونه‌گیری از دانش‌جویان دختر و پسر مقطع لیسانس در دانشگاه خلیج‌فارس، 30 دانش‌جوی مبتلا به نشانگان ضربه عشق به تصادف و بر اساس ملاک‌های ورود و نقطه برش در پرسش‌نامه ضربه عشق ریچارد راس در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. و پرسش‌نامه ضربه عشق راس برای نشانگاه ضربه عشق را تکمیل نمودند. گروه آزمایش 11 جلسۀ‌ 60 تا 90 دقیقه‌ای تحت مداخله رویکرد شناختی - رفتاری گروهی مایکل فری قرار گرفت و در گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای انجام نگرفت. نتایج نشان داد که 24/6 درصد از دانش‌جویان دارای نشانگان ضربه عشق هستند و این نسبت به‌طور معناداری در دانش‌جویان دختر بالاتر است. هم‌چنین، نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد که با کنترل اثر پیش‌آزمون بین گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل تفاوت معناداری در کاهش نشانگان ضربه عشق وجود دارد. این تحقیق نشان داد که درمان شناختی رفتاری مبتنی بر آسیب در کاهش نشانگان ضربه عشق اثربخش است

کلیدواژه‌ها


 

Akbari, E., Khanjani, Z., Azimi, Z., Porsharifi, H., & Mahmoud, M.M. (2012). The effectiveness of transactional analysis therapy on personality states, self-esteem and clinical symptoms of people with emotional breakdown.  Journal of Psychological Methods and Models, 2 (8),1-21. (Persian)

Akert, R. M. (1998). Terminating romantic relationships: The role of personal responsibility and gender. Unpublished Manuscript, Wellesley College.

Alavi, M., Molavi, H., & Molavi, R. (2017). The impact of cognitive behavioral therapy on self-esteem and quality of life of hospitalized amputee elderly patients. Nursing and Midwifery Studies6(4), 162-167. (Persian)

Aronson, E. Whilson, T. D. & Akert, R. M. (2005). Social psychology (5th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Badeleh, M., & Tahernzhad, M. (2006). Comparison between irrational thoughts on self-esteem of students at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (Doctoral dissertation, MA. Dissertation. Mashhad: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, College of Psychology, 50-60.(Persian))

Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond. Guilford press.

Bleske-Rechek, A. L., & Buss, D. M. (2001). Opposite-sex friendship: Sex differences and similarities in initiation, selection, and dissolution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin27(10), 1310-1323.

Carpenter, J. K., Andrews, L. A., Witcraft, S. M., Powers, M. B., Smits, J. A. J., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and related disorders: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Depressive and Anxiety, 35(6), 502-514.

Cuijpers, P., Cristea, I. A., Weitz, E., Gentili, C., & Berking, M. (2016). The effects of cognitive and behavioural therapies for anxiety disorders on depression: a meta-analysis, Psychological Medicine, 46(16): 3451–3462.

Davis, D. Shaver, P. R., & Vernon, M. L. (2003). Physical, emotional, and behavioral reactions to breaking up: The roles of gender, age, emotional involvement, and attachment style. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 871-884.

Dehghani, M. (2010). Effectiveness of short- term psychotherapy on symptoms of love trauma syndrome. PhD thesis. Tehran Psychiatric Institute; p. 1-92. (Persian)

Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. (2002). Very happy people. Psychological Science13(1), 81-84.

Eastwick, P. W., Finkel, E. J., Krishnamurti, T., & Loewenstein, G. (2008). Mispredicting distress following romantic breakup: Revealing the time course of the affective forecasting error. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology44(3), 800-807.

Fagundes, C. P. (2011). Implicit negative evaluations about ex-partner predicts break-up adjustment: The brighter side of dark cognitions. Cognition and emotion25(1), 164-173.

Fagundes, Christopher P. (2011). Implicit negative evaluations about ex-partner predicts break-up adjustment: The brighter side of dark cognitions, Cognition and Emotion, 25; 1, 164-173.

Free, M. L. (2007). Cognitive therapy in groups: Guidelines and resources for practice. John Wiley & Sons.

Hofmann, S. G., Wu, J. Q., & Boettcher, H. (2014). Effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders on quality of life: a meta-analysis, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(3), 375–391.

Kosminsky, P. (2017). CBT for grief: Clearing cognitive obstacles to healing from loss. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy35(1), 26-37.

Leary, M. R., & MacDonald, G. (2003). Individual differences in self-esteem: A review and theoretical integration. In M. R. Leary & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of self and identity (pp. 401-418). New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.

Lee, L. A., & Sbarra, D. A. (2013). Human bonding: The Science of affaction ties. The predictors and consquences of relationship dissolution: Breaking down silos. 72 spring street, New York, NY 10012.

Lewandowski Jr, G. W., Nardone, N., & Raines, A. J. (2010). The role of self-concept clarity in relationship quality. Self and Identity9(4), 416-433.

Lewandowski, G. W. Aron, A. Bassis, S., & Kunak, J. (2006). Losing a self-expanding relationship: Implications for the self-concept. Personal Relationships, 13, 317–331.

Luquet, W. (2006). Short-term couple's therapy: The Imago model in action. Routledge.

Malkinson, R. (2010). Cognitive-behavioral grief therapy: The ABC model of rational-emotion behavior therapy. Psihologijske teme19(2), 289-305.

Manteghi, M. (2011). Fervent love psychology. Tehran: Besat pub. (Persian)

Moradi, M., & Fathi, D. (2016). Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on life expectancy and spiritual health of grieved students,. Quarterly Journal of Psychological Studies, 12 (3), 63-82. (Persian).

Mouchan, R., Bahmani, B., & Askari, A. (2016). The Effectiveness of Schema Therapy on Reducing Symptoms of Emotional Breakdown. Health Sciences5(9S), 1-11.

Parkes, C. M. (2013). Love and loss: The roots of grief and its complications. Routledge.

Pass, J. A., Lindenberg, S. M., & Park, J. H. (2010). All you need is love: Is the sociometer especially sensitive to one's mating capacity? European Journal of Social Psychology40(2), 221-234.

Poursharifi, H., Peyravi, H., Taremyan, F., Zarani, F., Vaghar, M., Jafari, A.A. (2005). The investigation of mental health between incoming students in 1383 among universities under the Ministry of Science. Tehran Univ & drug control headquarters; (Persian).

Prigerson, H. G., Horowitz, M. J., Jacobs, S. C., Parkes, C. M., Aslan, M., Goodkin, K., ... Bonanno, G. (2009). Prolonged grief disorder: Psychometric validation of criteria proposed for DSM-V and ICD-11.  PLoS medicine, 6(8), e1000121.

Ratto, N. (2014). Attachment Style with Mother and Relationship Context as Predictors of Late Adolescents’ Conflict Behaviours with a Romantic Partner or Close Friend: A multi-method study (doctoral dissertation, concordia university).

Rodgers, L. S., & Tennison, L. R. (2009). A preliminary assessment of adjustment disorder among first-year college students. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing23(3), 220-230.

Rollie, S. S., & Duck, S. (2006). Divorce and dissolution of romantic relationships: Stage models and their limitations. Handbook of divorce and relationship dissolution, 223-240.

Rosner, R., Pfoh, G., Kotoučová, M., & Hagl, M. (2014). Efficacy of an outpatient treatment for prolonged grief disorder: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Journal of Affective Disorders167, 56-63.

Rosner, R., Rimane, E., Vogel, A., Rau, J., & Hagl, M. (2018). Treating prolonged grief disorder with prolonged grief-specific cognitive behavioral therapy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials19(1), 241.

Rosse, R. B. (1999). The love trauma syndrome: free yourself from the pain of a broken. Perseus Publishing, a Member of the Perseus Books Group.

Rosse, R. B. (2007). The love trauma syndrome: free yourself from the pain of a broken heart. Da Capo Lifelong Books.

Sailor, J, L. (2013). A phenomenological Study of failling out of romantic love. The Qualitative Report, 18 (37), 1-22.

Sbarra, D. A. (2006). Predicting the onset of emotional recovery following nonmarital relationship dissolution: A survival analyses of sadness and anger. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 298-312.

Spuij, M., Dekovic, M., & Boelen, P. A. (2015). An open trial of ‘Grief‐Help’: A cognitive–behavioural treatment for prolonged grief in children and adolescents. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy22(2), 185-192.

Spuij, M., van Londen-Huiberts, A., & Boelen, P. A. (2013). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for prolonged grief in children: Feasibility and multiple baseline study. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice20(3), 349-361.

Waller, K. L., & MacDonald, T. K. (2010). Trait Self‐Esteem Moderates the Effect of Initiator Status on Emotional and Cognitive Responses to Romantic Relationship Dissolution. Journal of Personality78(4), 1271-1299