بررسی و مقایسۀ رضایت زناشویی، کیفیت زندگی، شادکامی و امید به زندگی در زنان با مدت ازدواج کمتر و بالاتر از 5 سال

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مسجدسلیمان، مسجدسلیمان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره و راهنمایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مسجدسلیمان، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی و مقایسۀ رضایت زناشویی، کیفیت زندگی، شادکامی و امید به زندگی در زنان با مدت ازدواج کمتر و بیشتر از 5 سال بود. این پژوهش از نوع طرح‌های علی-مقایسه‌ای است. جامعۀ این پژوهش شامل کلیۀ زنان متأهل با مدت ازدواج کمتر و بیشتر از 5 سال شهر دزفول بود. 170 زن متأهل (85 زن متأهل با مدت ازدواج کمتر از 5 سال و 85 زن متأهل با مدت ازدواج بیشتر از 5 سال) شهر دزفول به روش نمونه‌گیری داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند. شرکت‌کننده‌ها پرسش‌نامۀ رضایت زناشویی انریچ ((ENRICH، مقیاس کیفیت زندگی سازمان بهداشت جهانی(WHO)، پرسش‌نامۀ شادکامی آکسفورد (OHI) و پرسش‌نامۀ امید میلر (MHI) را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون test-t نمونه‌های مستقل و نرم‌افزار 25-SPSS تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که زنان با مدت ازدواج کمتر از 5 سال در متغیرهای رضایت زناشویی، شادکامی و امید به زندگی از سطح بهتری نسبت به زنان با مدت ازدواج بیشتر از 5 سال محوردار هستند، اما بین دو گروه در متغیر کیفیت زندگی تفاوت وجود ندارد. بر اساس نتایج، می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که گذشت زمان می‌تواند بر چگونگی واکنش نشان دادن افراد به ازدواج‌شان و چگونگی احساس‌شان نسبت به آن تأثیر بگذارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


Ahmadi, M. S., & Dadashi, S. (2016). The relationship between marital satisfaction with marital adjustment, number of children and duration of marriage among female teachers of Mahanshan town. The second international conference of applied researches in educational sciences and behavioral studies and social harm of Iran, Tehran, Center of Islamic Studies and Researches of Sorush Hekmat Mortazavi. (Persian)

Alexander, M., Grade, S., Kanade, B., & Shireen, E. (2017). Romance and sex: premarital partnership formation among young women and man, pune district. Reproductive Health Matters, 14, 144-155.

Amanelahi, A. (2005). The relationship between personality traits and personal-family factors with marital satisfaction of public office stuff of Ahvaz. A Master of Arts thesis in family counseling, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. [Persian]

Amato, P. R., & James, S. L. (2018). Changes in spousal relationships over the marital life course. Social Networks and the Life Course, 2, 139-158.

Argyle, M., & Lu, L. (1990). The happiness of extraverts. Personality and Individual Differences, 11, 1011-1017.

Beja, E. L. Jr. (2018). The U-shaped relationship between happiness and age: evidence using world values survey data. Quality & Quantity, 52(4), 1817-1829.

Bronk, K. C., Hill, P., Lapsley, D. K., Talib, T., & Finch, H. (2009). Purpose, hope, and life satisfaction in three age groups. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 500–510.

Channing, T. G. (2018). The long term follow up of the hope focused couple approach. A Ph.D. dissertation in Psychology, Regent University, Virginia.

Chen, M. (2018). Does marrying well count more than career? Personal achievement, marriage, and happiness of married women in urban China. Chinese Sociological Review, 50(3), 240-274.

Cohen, J., & Manning, T. (2010). The relationship context of premarital cohabitation. Social Sconce Research, 39, 766-776.

Falahzadeh, H., & Hadian, E. (2006). Comparison of Life Expectancy Levels of Men and Women in Yazd Province in 1996 and 2003. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 14(4), 55-58. (Persian)

Fowers, B. J., & Olson, D. H. (1989). ENRICH marital inventory: A discriminant validity and cross-validation assessment. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 15(1), 65-79.

Francis, L. J. (1999). Happiness is a thing called stable extraversion: A further examination of the relationship between the Oxford Happiness Inventory and Eysenck's dimensional model of personality and gender. Personality and Individual Differences, 26(1), 5-11.

Grapton, X., Lemesle, P., Arabian, L., & Strotz, V. (2018). AB0320 Impact of rheumatoid arthritis on life quality: before and after treatment. Rheumatoid arthritis – prognosis, predictors and outcome, 77(2), 1335-1346.

Halford, W. K., Sanders, M. R., & Behrence, B. C. (2011). Can skills training prevent relationship problems in at risk couples? Fear-year effects of a behavioral relationship education problem. American Journal of Family Psychology, 15, 750-768.

Hoshyar, H. (2012). Comparing mental health, social adjustment, happiness, life expectancy, and emotional intelligence between widowed and married women. A Master of Thesis in general psychology, Azad University of Marvdasht. [Persian]

Jose, O., & Alfons, V. (2012). Do demographics affect marital satisfaction? Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy. 33(1), 73-85.

Kriegelewics, O. (2016). Problem-solving strategies and marital satisfaction. Psychiatric Policy, 40, 245- 59.

Lavner, J. A., & Clark, M. A. (2017). Workload and marital satisfaction over time: Testing lagged spillover and crossover effects during the newlywed years. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 11, 67-76.

LeBaron, A. B., Kelley, H. H., & Carroll, J. S. (2018). Money over marriage: Marriage importance as a mediator between materialism and marital satisfaction. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 39(2), 337-347.

LeBaron, Kelley, & CarrollCao, H., Yuan, X., Fine, M., Zhou, N., & Fang, X. (2018). Neuroticism and marital satisfaction during the early years of Chinese marriage: The mediating roles of marital attribution and aggression. Family Process, 8, 57-72.

Logan, M. A. (2018). Relationship between male athletic identity and romantic relationship satisfaction. A Masters of Arts thesis in Psychology, The Western Kentucky University, Kentucky.

Marques, S. C., & Gallagher, M. W. (2018). Age differences and short-term stability in hope: Results from a sample aged 15 to 80. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 53, 120-126.

Miller, J. F., & Powers, M. J. (1988). Development of an instrument to measure hope. Nursing Research, 37(1), 6-10.

Momeni, O. (2011). The relationship between self-differentiation and marital intimacy with marital satisfaction of female teachers of Isfahan. A Master of Arts thesis in family counseling, Tehran University. (Persian)

Nejat, S., Montazeri, A., Holakouie Naieni, K., Mohammad, K., & Majdzadeh, S. (2006). The World Health Organization quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire: Translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 4(4), 1-12. (Persian)

Noorbala, A., & Alipour, A. (1999). Initial examination of reliability and validity of Oxford Happiness Inventory. Journal of Thoughts and Behaviors, 5(1-2), 55-67. (Persian)

Olson, D. H., Fournier, D. G., & Druckman, J. M. (1986). Counselor’s Manual for PREPARE-ENRICH. (rev. ed.), Minneapolis, MN: Prepare-ENRICH, Inc.

PourRahimi, M., & Shaker, A. (2012). Predicting couples' marital satisfaction based on irrational beliefs and perfectionism and attachment styles. Counseling Researches, 5(20), 14-23. [(Persian)

Rajabi, Gh., Kordazizpourmohamadi, R., & Taqipour, M. (2017). Evaluating the model of relationship between family of origin and marital satisfaction with mediator role of insecure attachment dimensions in nurses. Journal of Family Research, 13(49), 153-169. (Persian)

Rivkin, I., Lopez, E. D. S., Trimble, J. E., Johnson, S., Orr, E., & Quaintance, T. (2018). Cultural values, coping, and hope in Yup'ik communities facing rapid cultural change. Journal of Community Psychology, 9, 174-198.

Roberson, P. N. E., Lenger, K. A., & Olmstead, S. B. (2018). Examining how romantic relationship quality influences individual psychological distress over time for men and women. Journal of Adult Development, 25(4), 259-269.

Shakerian, A. (2009). Affecting factors in marital satisfaction of students of Islamic Azad University of Sanandaj. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan Medical Sciences University, 4(5), 40-49. (Persian)

Skevington, S. M., Lotfy, M., & O'Connel, K. A. (2004). The World Health Organization's WHOQOLBREF Quality of life Assessment: Psychometric properties and results of the international field trial: A report from the WHOQOL group. Quality of Life Research, 13, 299-310.

Slezáčková, A., Cefai, C., & Prošek, T. (2018). Psychosocial correlates and predictors of perceived hope across cultures: A study of Czech and Maltese contexts. Hope for a Good Life, 72, 165-197.

Sotudeh Gandomshin, M., & Dindar Busjin, R. (2014). The relationship between marital satisfaction, sexual satisfaction and social security in couples of Tehran (case study of Tehran in academic year of 2014). Scentific-Speciality Journal of Knowledge of Entezami Police of Capital, 8(4), 9-24. (Persian)

Tsutsui, Y. (2018). Marriage and happiness: A survey. Ideas, 9, 1-18.

Zhaoyang, R., Martire, L. M., & Stanford, A. M. (2018). Disclosure and holding back: Communication, psychological adjustment, and marital satisfaction among couples coping with osteoarthritis. Journal of Family Psychology, 32(3), 412-418.