پیش‌بینی مهارت‌های شهروندی کودکان بر اساس الگوهای ارتباطی خانواده و خودکارآمدی والدین

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی،‌ واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر پیش‌بینی مهارت‌های شهروندی کودکان بر اساس الگوهای ارتباطی خانواده و خودکارآمدی والدین بود. این پژوهش همبستگی از نوع رگرسیون چندمتغیری است. 352 کودک پیش دبستانی شهر شیراز به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای انتخاب شدند، و به پرسش­نامه‌های الگوهای ارتباطی خانواده، مهارت‌های شهروندی کودکان و خودکارآمدی والدین پاسخ دادند. تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات به روش های آماری ضرایب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندمتغیری با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری 22- SPSS انجام گردید. نتایج نشان داد، که بین مهارت‌های شهروندی با خودکارآمدی والدین (مؤلفه‌ها) و الگوی ارتباطی گفت و شنود همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌داری وجود دارد، و الگوی ارتباطی گفت و شنود و کارآمدی در کنترل و نظارت، مهارت‌های شهروندی را به‌صورت مثبت و معنادار پیش‌بینی می‌کنند و الگوی ارتباطی همنوایی، کارآمدی در مقابله با شرایط دشوار،کارآمدی در مسائل مدرسه و کارآمدی در مراقبت قادر به پیش‌بینی مهارت‌های شهروندی نیستند. بر اساس این یافته‌ها می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که الگوهای ارتباطی خانواده و خودکارآمدی والدین نقش مؤثری در مهارت‌های شهروندی کودکان دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


 

Abdolahi, B. (2006). The role of self-efficacy in empowering the staff.  Tadbir, 40, 135-168. (Persian)

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change. Psychological Review, (84), 191-215.

Bayazit, I. (2013). An investigation of problem solving approaches, strategies, and models used by the 7th and 8th grade students when solving real-world problems. Educational sciences: Theory and Practice, 13(3), 1920-1927. (Persian)

Costin, Y., , C., Hill-Smith, A., Vance, A., & Luk, E. (2004). Parent group treatments for children with oppositional defiant disorder. Australian E-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 3(1). [Cited 2012 Feb].Available From: http:// www.auseinet. com/ journal/ vol3iss4/Costin.Pdf. 2004.

Ehyakonandeh, M., & Yousefi, F. (2017). The relationship between family communication patterns and conformity with university: The mediating role of coping strategies for stress. Journal of Family Studies, 13(50), 273-291.(Persian)

Fathi Vajargah, K., & Vahed Choukdeh, S. (2006). Identifying citizenship education traumas in hidden curriculum of high school educational system from female teachers’ perspectives of Tehran. Journal of Educational Innovations, 5(17), 93-132.(Persian)

Fitzpatrick, M. A., & Ritchie, L. D. (1994). Communication schemata within the family: Multiple perspectives on family interaction. Human Communication Research, 20, 275-301.

Goldberg, I., Goldberg, H. (2008). Family therapy. Translated by Shahi Browati; Hamid Reza Naqshbandi & Siamak, Arjomand Elham (2013). Thirteenth Print, Tehran, Ravan Publishing House. (Persian)

Gurdal, S. E., Lansford, J., & Sorbring, E. (2016). Parental perceptions of children´s agency: Parental warmth, school achievement and adjustment. Early Child Development Care, 186(8), 1203–1211.

Hosseni, M. (2011). Family therapy techniques and theories. Tehran: Roshd Publication.

Jahani, J. (2007). Investigating the impacts of educational programs in philosophyfor children on students’ ethical depositions development. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2, 7. (Persian)

Kisby, B. (2012). The Labour Party and Citizenship Education: Policy networks and the introduction of citizenship lessons in schools. Manchester University Press.

Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (2002). you never leave your family in a fight: The impact of families of origins on conflict-behavior in romantic relationships. Communication Studies, 53, 234-51.

Koerner, A. F., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (1997). Family type and conflict: The impact of conversation orientation and conformity orientation on conflict in the family. Communication Studies, 48, 59-78.

Kouroshnia, M. & Latifian, M. (2007). Investigating the reliability and validity of family communication patterns revised instrument. 3(12), 855-875.

Kurbanoglu, S. S., Akkoyunlu, B., & Umay A. (2006). Developing the information Literacy Selfefficacy Scale. Journal of Documentation, 62 (6), 730-743.

Losoncz, I. (2015). Building safety around children in families from refugee backgrounds. Ensuring children's safety requires working in partnership with families and communities.

Lotfabadi, H. (2006). National and international citizenship education along with fostering civil identity and value system of students. Quarterly Journal of Educational Innovations, Citizenship Education Innovation, 5(17), 11-44. (Persian)

McLeod JM. & Chaffee SH. (1972). The construction of social reality. In J. Tedeschi (Ed.), the social influence process (pp. 50-59). Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.

Molazehi, A. (2012). The effect of jigsaw methodology on citizenship skills of the second grade studentsof secondary school in Iranshahr. MA thesis of Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch.(Persian)

Park, J. E., & Park, K. (2001). Text book of preventive and social medicine: A treatise on community health, Banarsidas Bhanot publishing 13th Ed.

Ramezanpour, Sh. (2009). Investigating the impact ofcommunity of inquiryof philosophy education for childrenin the third grade on their citizenship shills development. MA Thesis of Alzahra University. (Persian)

Riesch, S. K., Jackson, N. M., & Chanchong W. (2003). Communication approaches to parent- child conflict: Young adolescence to young adult. Journal of Pediatric Nursin, 18(4), 224-256.

Ritchie, L.D., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (1990). Family communication patterns: Measuring intrapersonal perceptions of interpersonal relationships. Communication Research, 17, 523-544.

Schrodt, P., Witt, P. L., & Messersmith, A. S. (2008). A meta-analytical review of family communication patterns and their associations with information processing, behavioral and psychosocial outcomes. Communication Monographs, 75 (3), 248-269.

Teymournezhad, K., Youzbashi, A., & Ebrahimi, M. (2017). Effective factors on citizenship education by emphasizing sustainableurban development. Journal of Urban Economics and Management, 5(19), 79-95. (Persian)

Tracy L.J., Ronald J.P. (2005). Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: A review.Clinical Psychology Review, 25, 341-363.

Welander-Vatn, E., Ystrom, K., Tambs, M. C., Neale, K. S., Kendler, T., & Reichborn-Kjennerud, G. P. (2016). The relationship between anxiety disorders and dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders: a co-twin control study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 190, 349- 356.

Whiteley, P. (2012). Does citizenship education work? Evidence from a decade of citizenship education in secondary schools in England. Parliamentary Affairs, 67(3), 513-535.