تأثیر شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر عملکرد خانواده و الگوهای ارتباطی زوجین متقاضی طلاق

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه روا‌ن‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

10.22055/jac.2019.29629.1677

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر عملکرد خانواده و الگوهای ارتباطی زوجین متقاضی طلاق  انجام شد. طرح پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون و گروه کنترل انجام گرفت. جامعۀ این پژوهش شامل کلیه زوجین متقاضی طلاق مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره شهر تهران بود. 30 زوج متقاضی طلاق به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند-داوطلبانه انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (15 زوج) و کنترل (15 زوج) اختصاص یافتند. شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی به‌صورت گروهی، هفته‌ای یک‌بار در 8 جلسه 120 دقیقه‌ای بر روی گروه آزمایش اجرا شد. شرکت‌کننده‌ها به پرسش‌نامه‌های سنجش خانواده و الگوهای ارتباطی در پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها به  روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس و نرم‌افزار آماری 22-SPSS تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها نشان داد که با کنترل اثر پیش‌آزمون بین میانگین نمرات پس‌آزمون گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل در مؤلفه‌های عملکرد خانواده (حل مشکل، همراهی عاطفی، آمیزش عاطفی و کنترل رفتار و نه در مؤلفه‌های نقش و تعاملات)، و مؤلفه‌های الگوهای ارتباطی به‌جز مؤلفه ارتباط سازنده متقابل تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد. در مجموع، نتایج این پژوهش حاکی از تأثیر شناخت درمان مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر عملکرد خانواده و الگوهای ارتباطی زوجین متقاضی طلاق بود

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