اثربخشی گروه درمانی مبتنی بر تنظیم هیجان بر بهبود علایم، نگرانی و نقص در تنظیم هیجان افراد مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی بالینی، بخش روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی بخش روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی ، بخش روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

10.22055/jac.2020.33169.1734

چکیده

افراد مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی نگرانی بیش از حد و مشکلات تنظیم هیجان را تجربه می‌کنند و درمان مبتنی بر تنظیم هیجان یک درمان چندوجهی و یکپارچه است که اثربخشی آن بر مؤلفه‌های اضطرابی افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب فراگیر و اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی تأیید شده است. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی درمان گروهی مبتنی بر تنظیم هیجان بر بهبود علایم، نگرانی و نقص در تنظیم هیجان افراد مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی در قالب یک طرح آزمایشی پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام شده است. جامعه‌ی این پژوهش شامل کلیه افراد مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز اعصاب و روان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز در سال 1398 بود. 22 نفر مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی به‌طور داوطلبانه انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در گروه‌های آزمایش و گروه کنترل گمارده شدند. شرکت‌کننده‌های گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل در دو مرحله‌ی پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون از طریق مصاحبه بالینی ساختاریافته بر اساس DSM-5 (SCID)، برنامه‌ی مصاحبه‌ی ساختاریافته برای اختلال‌های اضطرابی و اختلالات مرتبط بر اساس DSM-5 (ADIS-5)، پرسش‌نامه‌ی نگرانی ایالت پنسیلوانیا (PSWQ) و مقیاس دشواری در تنظیم هیجان (DERS) مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. داده‌ها بار روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس و از طریق نرمافزار 22-SPSS تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که درمان گروهی مبتنی بر تنظیم هیجان علایم اضطرابی، نگرانی و نقص در تنظیم هیجان افراد مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی را به‌طور معنی‌داری بهبود می‌بخشد. درمان مبتنی بر تنظیم هیجان با تمرکز بر راهبردهای تمرین ذهن‌آگاهی اسکن بدنی، آگاهی از حس‌های جسمانی، تمرین تنفس و همچنین مداخله در سازه‌های نگرانی و نظام‌های هیجان، علایم افراد مبتلا به اختلال وحشت‌زدگی را بهبود می‌بخشد.
 

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