بررسی اثربخشی بازی درمانی فلورتایم بر کاهش نافرمانی مقابله‌ای و فزون‌کنشی کودکان پیش دبستانی

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد نیشابور، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نیشابور، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، واحد نیشابور، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نیشابور، ایران.

10.22055/jac.2021.38375.1828

چکیده

 مشکلات و بدرفتاری‌های دوران کودکی اهمیت زیادی دارند. توجه نکردن به این بدرفتاری‌ها و عدم رفع مشکلات دوران کودکی می‌تواند مشکلات جدی در بزرگسالی داشته باشد. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی بازی درمانی فلورتایم بر کاهش نافرمانی مقابله‌ای و فزون‌کنشی کودکان پیش‌دبستانی در یک طرح نیمه آزمایشی با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون، و گروه کنترل انجام گرفت. 30 کودک پیش‌دبستانی مبتلا به نافرمانی مقابله‌ای و فزون‌کنشی شهر نیشابور با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از بین پیش دبستانی‌های گل بیتا، ستارگان پویا و پرنیان انتخاب شدند. کودکان شرکت کننده‌ی گروه آزمایش سیزده جلسه‌ی مداخله مبتنی بر  بازی درمانی فلورتایم به صورت سه روز در هفته دریافت کردند و شرکت کنندگان گروه کنترل درمانی را دریافت نکردند. داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌ی علایم مرضی کودکان-نسخه چهارم (CSI-4) جمع‌آوری و با استفاده از روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها نشان دادند که بازی درمانی فلورتایم باعث کاهش نافرمانی مقابله‌ای و فزون کنشی در کودکان پیش دبستانی گروه آزمایش شده است. بر این اساس می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که این روش درمانی باعث بهبود و کاهش نافرمانی مقابله‌ای و فزون‌کنشی کودکان می‌شود.

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