بررسی اثربخشی آموزش شادکامی با تأکید بر تعالیم اسلامی بر افزایش نشاط ذهنی و عواطف مثبت و کاهش عواطف منفی در زنان با تعارض زناشویی

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی ، واحد علوم تحقیقات ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تهران ، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد علوم تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 گروه روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه الزهراء، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

10.22055/jac.2022.38963.1840

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش شادکامی اسلامی بر نشاط ذهنی و عواطف مثبت و منفی در زنان با تعارض زناشویی در یک طرح نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام گرفت. جامعه‌ی این پژوهش شامل زنان با تعارض‌های زناشویی مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره شرق شهر تهران بود که سی زن با روش نمونه‌گیری داوطلبانه - هدفمند انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل اختصاص داده شدند. شرکت‌کننده‌های گروه آزمایش تحت هشت جلسه‌ی نوددقیقه‌ای آموزش شادکامی اسلامی قرار گرفتند و شرکت‌کنندگان گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل در آغاز و پس از پایان مداخله، مقیاس نشاط ذهنی و پرسشنامه عاطفه‌ی مثبت و منفی را تکمیل کردند. از روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس و نرم‌افزار 21-SPSS برای تحلیل داده‌ها استفاده شد. بر اساس نتایج، آموزش شادکامی اسلامی در زنان با تعارض زناشویی در بهبود نشاط ذهنی و عواطف مثبت و کاهش عواطف منفی مؤثر بود. بنابر مداخلات شادکامی مبتنی بر تعالیم اسلامی می‌تواند به افراد متأهل برای ارتقای سطح نشاط ذهنی و عواطف مثبت و کاهش عواطف منفی کمک کرد.
 

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